The Biography of Niccolò Machiavelli: Life, Work, and Legacy

Biografía de Nicolás Maquiavelo


Niccolò Machiavelli was an Italian writer, philosopher, and diplomat born on May 3, 1469, in Florence. He is best known for his work “The Prince,” which marks a turning point in political theory. Machiavelli lived during the Italian Renaissance and witnessed the power struggles among the Italian states, which greatly influenced his writings.


Throughout his life, Machiavelli wrote numerous works in both prose and verse. Below is a list of his most renowned works:

The Prince

Published in 1532, “The Prince” is considered Machiavelli’s most important work and is a treatise on political theory. In it, Machiavelli presents his ideas on how a prince should rule and how he can maintain power.

Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livius

In “Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livius,” Machiavelli analyzes the history of the Roman Republic and offers his insights on politics and war.

The Mandrake

“The Mandrake” is a satirical comedy showcasing cunning and moral corruption in Italian Renaissance society.

The Art of War

In “The Art of War,” Machiavelli examines military strategy and tactics, drawing heavily on Roman history.


Machiavelli drew inspiration from the political events and experiences of his time, as well as the history of ancient Rome and Greece. He was also influenced by the political theories of classical philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle. His pragmatic and realistic approach to politics sets him apart from other thinkers of his time.

  • Personal Life

Niccolò Machiavelli married Marietta Corsini in 1502, and they had six children. Despite his family life, Machiavelli was a passionate advocate for his homeland and served in various diplomatic and political capacities throughout his life. After the fall of the Florentine Republic in 1512, he was dismissed from his posts and spent much of his life in retirement, writing and reflecting on politics.


Niccolò Machiavelli passed away on June 21, 1527 in Florence. Although his work was controversial and not always well-received during his lifetime, he is now considered one of the most influential political thinkers of all time. His legacy endures through his writings, which continue to be studied and debated by scholars and politicians today. Machiavelli left an indelible mark on political and social history, and his theories continue to be relevant in the modern world.

Other contents that may interest you: